Personality disorders are some of the most misunderstood and stigmatized mental illnesses. It’s no wonder, then, that there’s so much confusion about what they are and how to treat them. But there’s good news: you don’t have to be a therapist or mental health professional to understand what personality disorders are and how they can impact your life (and the lives of those around you). We’ve put together this guide so that you can learn more about the causes, symptoms, treatment options, and prognosis for each type of personality disorder—and have fun while doing it!
A personality disorder characterized by narcissism
A narcissistic personality disorder is a mental disorder in which people have an inflated sense of their own importance and a deep need for admiration.
People with narcissistic personality disorder are often described as cocky or self-centred. They may monopolize conversations, belittle or look down on people they perceive as inferior, and feel that they are special and acting on behalf of a greater cause. In extreme cases, this behaviour can take the form of arrogance, haughtiness, egotism, and boastfulness.
An avoidant personality disorder is a common disorder that affects approximately 6% of the U.S. population. People with avoidant personality disorder have extreme social anxiety and feel inadequate in most situations, which causes them to avoid social situations and activities. They may also be sensitive to criticism and rejection. This can show up as extreme shyness or a refusal to talk to other people in any way.
People with this disorder often experience feelings of loneliness as a result of their limited interactions with others, making it difficult for them to maintain healthy relationships or form close friendships. It’s not unusual for people suffering from avoidant personality disorder to have other mental health issues such as depression, anxiety disorders, or substance abuse problems (or all three).
Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
An obsessive-compulsive personality disorder is characterized by a preoccupation with orderliness and perfectionism. People with OCD are very concerned about rules and regulations and will often act in an overly cautious manner. This can take the form of making sure that everything is in its proper place or being afraid to do something because there’s a chance it won’t work out as planned.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is not the same thing as an obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD), which involves having thoughts or urges that make you anxious or uncomfortable but don’t interfere with your day-to-day life the way OCD does. For example, OCPD is more likely than OCD if you worry a lot about germs and cleanliness but don’t do anything extreme to avoid getting sick, like washing your hands 50 times a day.
paranoid personality disorder.
A paranoid personality disorder is a personality disorder characterized by extreme distrust and suspiciousness of others, even friends and family. People suffering from this condition will often have an inflated sense of self-importance as well as being overly sensitive to criticism. They may also feel like they are being persecuted or treated unfairly by other people when there is no reason for them to feel that way.
People with paranoid personality disorders can be highly defensive and aggressive when challenged, making it difficult for them to interact successfully with others.
borderline personality disorder.
If you have a borderline personality disorder, you may experience intense emotions and actions that are different from what most people feel and do. You may also have unstable relationships with others, as well as a low self-image. A borderline personality disorder is a mental illness that affects an estimated 2.6% of the U.S. population and can begin in early adulthood or adolescence, although it’s more common among young adults than older adults.
While doctors don’t know exactly what causes borderline personality disorder (BPD), studies show that genetic factors might play some role in causing this mental illness. Other experts believe that environmental factors such as trauma or abuse increase your risk of developing BPD. However, some studies suggest that the brains of people with BPD are different from those without BPD at birth—and these differences may be connected to how someone experiences emotions over time.
Personality disorders are not well understood by the general public.
Personality disorders are a group of mental disorders that affect the way a person behaves and interacts with others. These behaviors can cause people to have problems functioning at work, in school, or at home. Personality disorders are long-lasting and usually begin in adolescence or early adulthood.
People with personality disorders may have an impaired ability to regulate their emotions, which causes them to experience intense episodes of depression, anxiety, and anger that may last for several days. They may also have difficulty tolerating being alone due to fears about being abandoned or betrayed by others. People with personality disorders often view themselves as victims and blame others for their own shortcomings.
If you find that you or someone you know has many of these symptoms, it’s important to seek professional help right away. Personality disorders can be treated, but a professional needs to figure out what’s wrong with the person first.