Search
 

Mental Rehabilitation Center

We treat various mental illnesses such as schizophrenia, depression & bipolar disorder

Anxiety and depression, bipolar and other mood disorders can wreak havoc on a person’s life, often leading to substance use and abuse and/or process addictions. Medication must often be combined with the right type of therapy to achieve long-lasting relief. We offer various therapeutic interventions such as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Dialectical Behaviour Therapy, and Psychodynamic Therapy to achieve the best results in remission or treatment of mental illnesses and teach them healthy coping mechanisms and self-soothing strategies needed to survive and thrive despite life’s relentlessly stressful pace and challenges.

What is mental illness?

“Mental illness” is a general term that covers a wide range of mental health conditions. Mental illnesses are medical conditions that often result in a diminishment of an individual’s ability to cope with the demands of life. These disorders can be associated with distress and/or problems functioning in social, work or family activities.

Mental illness is not caused by personal weakness, lack of character, or bad influence. Rather, it arises from a complex interaction of social, psychological, and biological factors. People who have mental health problems can get better, and many recover completely.

With appropriate treatment and self-help, most people with mental illness can lead full, productive lives. Unfortunately, stigma, discrimination, and exclusion are still common, making it hard for people with mental illness to get better and stay well.

The Causes of Metal Illness

Mental illnesses can be caused by a reaction to environmental stressors, genetic vulnerability, or a brain abnormality. Other biological factors such as viral infections or exposure to toxins may also play a role. Most mental illnesses do not have a single cause. Rather, they result from a combination of risk factors. Just as physical illness can be triggered by lifestyle or environmental factors (such as smoking), so too can mental illness. The exact cause of any given mental illness is often not known.

What Are the Types of Mental Illness?

Serious mental illness is a mental, behavioural, or emotional disorder (excluding developmental and substance use disorders) that results in serious functional impairment, which substantially interferes with or limits one or more major life activities.

The three most common types of serious mental illness are:

Anxiety disorders are characterised by fear and anxiety that are so extreme that they interfere with a person’s ability to function in daily life.

Examples: panic disorder, agoraphobia, social anxiety disorder, specific phobias, and generalized anxiety disorder.

Mood disorders are characterized by extreme changes in mood that interfere with a person’s ability to function in daily life.

Examples: major depressive disorder (also known as clinical depression), bipolar disorder, and seasonal affective disorder (SAD).

Psychotic disorders are characterised by a loss of contact with reality and are often accompanied by hallucinations or delusions.

Examples: schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, and delusional disorder.

Other types of mental illness include:

Eating disorders are characterised by abnormal eating habits that can interfere with a person’s physical and mental health.

Examples: anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder.

Personality disorders are characterized by inflexible and unhealthy patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving.

Examples: borderline personality disorder, antisocial personality disorder, and narcissistic personality disorder.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)—is characterized by obsessions (recurrent, unwanted thoughts) and/or compulsions (repetitive behaviours or mental acts that a person feels compelled to do to relieve anxiety).

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterised by persistent symptoms (such as intrusive memories, flashbacks, nightmares, and severe anxiety) that occur after a person has experienced or witnessed a traumatic event.

Developmental disorders are characterized by delays or problems with motor skills, speech, thinking, and social skills.

Examples: autism spectrum disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), learning disorders, and Tourette’s syndrome.

Substance use disorders are characterized by the problematic use of one or more substances (such as alcohol, drugs, tobacco or other substances), which can lead to impaired functioning.

Examples: alcohol use disorder, drug addiction, and gambling addiction.

What Are the Risk Factors for Mental Illness?

There are a number of risk factors that can increase a person’s chances of developing a mental illness. These include:

  • Biological factors—such as genes, brain structure and function, and chemicals in the brain.
  • Psychological factors such as stress, anxiety, low self-esteem, and poor coping skills.
  • Social factors—such as social isolation, poverty, unemployment, and exposure to violence—
  • Environmental factors—such as exposure to toxins, trauma, and early childhood adversity.

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Mental Illness?

Depending on the type of disorder, the signs and symptoms of mental illness can be different, but they usually fall into one of four groups:

  • Changes in mood – such as feeling sad, anxious, irritable, or angry more often than usual.
  • Changes in thinking – such as having trouble concentrating, remembering things or making decisions.
  • Changes in behaviour—such as withdrawing from friends and activities, acting out in risky ways, or experiencing drastic changes in eating or sleeping habits—
  • Changes in physical well-being—such as feeling fatigued, having trouble sleeping or eating, losing weight or gaining weight—

Early intervention in cases of mental illness can make a big difference in managing mental illness and preventing it from getting worse. Seek help as soon as possible.